Tula is the most important and legendary Toltec capital, which changed the history of all the main pre-Hispanic groups in Mexico, including the Maya. It was the Toltecs who influenced the course of the history of Chichen Itza, where their presence in the form of the Kukulkan Temple and other objects is clearly traced.
The archaeological zone of Tula is the center of the Epiclassical or late classicism era (800-1200 AD), it appeared as a result of trade and conquest of the vast territory of Mesoamerica. His strategic position allowed him to control turquoise, which was one of the most valuable products of Mesoamerica.
The first evidence of occupation of this area dates back to the time when Teotihuacan began to lose its strength as the ruling center of Mesoamerica. In the middle of the 7th century, the construction of the center of Tollan-Chicocotitlan began, at the same time the first image of Quetzalcoatl appeared – the most important god of all Mesoamerican cultures. Legend says that it was from here that he was expelled.
The most famous historical sites of Tula are the famous Atlanta.
The archaeological zone of Tula is located at a distance of 96 km from the capital of Mexico, about one and a half hours of the road.
Santiago de Queretaro is the capital of the state of the same name located 221 km northwest of Mexico City. The most picturesque city is known for its important role in the history of Mexico: in 1810 it was the headquarters of the Queretaro conspiracy, where a movement was formed that ultimately led to the independence of Mexico. In 1867, Maximiliano de Habsburgo was defeated, captured and shot by republican troops, restoring the republican regime in Mexico. In 1917, it was here that the seat of the constituent congress was, which promulgated the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States, which is still in force.
In 1996, the historical center of the city was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.